The Waco tribe, also spelled Hueco, is a division of the Tawakoni people, who originally lived on the Southern Plains of northeastern Texas. The Tawakoni were a band of the Wichita tribe. The Waco were first encountered by Spanish settlers who first wrote of an encounter with them inwhen Athanase de Mesiere, then Governor of Louisiananoticed two villages during his trek up the Brazos River.
They lived in beehive-shaped houses with pole supports, typically covered with rushes, but sometimes buffalo hides.
The houses stood 20 to 25 feet tall. During planting and harvesting seasons, they resided in their permanent village, which consisted of beehive-shaped dwellings constructed from poles and thatched with grasses and willows.
After harvesting the crops in the fall, the Waco Indians traveled the plains, hunting deer and buffalo in order to feed the tribe. While hunting, they lived in makeshift, temporary teepees. As white settlers began to encroach upon their territorial lands in the early 19th century, tensions rose, and the Waco began to raid white settlements. Though Stephen Austin wanted to attack the village to prevent further raids and establish a colony on their lands, the Mexican government denied this request.
InAustin sent a delegation to meet with the Waco and, after some negotiation, established a peace treaty. At that time, Austin described the Waco village, standing on the site of present-day Waco, Texas, as consisting of 33 grass houses, occupying about 40 acres, and inhabited by about men.
About a half a mile below was another village of 15 houses, built close together. The Waco were then cultivating about acres of corn, enclosed with brush fences. The Waco were included in the treaties made between the United States and the Wichita in andand also in when their reservation in present-day Oklahoma was established. In they received allotments of land and became citizens. Today, many of their descendants are members of the federally recognized Wichita and Affiliated Tribes, headquartered in Anadarko, Oklahoma.
Waco indian village
Their dialect originally spoken is extinct today. Indian Wars of Texas.
Native Americans — First Owners of America. Native American Photo Galleries. The Wichita Tribe.
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