UC Santa Barbara professor of anthropology Lynn Gamble and her students were recently presented with a rare opportunity: Excavate a Chumash Indian site that might be the location of the original Santa Barbara. Under Gamble's supervision, her students dug three excavation units underneath a floor in the Veteran's Administration building near downtown Santa Barbara, unearthing items, and mapping their locations. Others picked through the excavated items, sifting and classifying them.
The dig was a requirement for a proposed elevator project to be constructed at that spot.
Fish hooks made out of shells, bone and stone tools, arrow points, and one large, charred whale vertebra were among the items unearthed. Of special interest to Gamble and her team were the hundreds of be found at the site. The be were used by the Chumash Indians as currency, and the excavation team can use them to date the site. Inwhen explorer Juan Cabrillo made contact with the Chumash Indians whose relics the excavation team had unearthed, the site, known as Syuxtun Syukhtunwas a sprawling, thriving settlement.
For Unzueta, who can trace her lineage back six generations to Syuxtun, the excavation is more than business as usual. Her mother, Ernestine Ygnacio-Desoto, is the closest living relative to the inhabitants of the village, and Unzueta grew up in the place of her ancestors, which is now encompassed by the city's West Beach and downtown area. That's a big village site," said Unzueta. By the mid's, the village had disappeared, and the site became a place for cattle ranching activity, and, later, the Potter Hotel.
The fate of the elevator project depends on analysis of the excavation, and on consultation with Unzueta and Ygnacio-Desoto. If certain items were unearthed —— for example, human remains, which might indicate the presence of a historic, sacred gravesite —— the dig and the construction would have to take another direction, or stop altogether.
Additionally, the could lead to further exploration of the site, which is at the foot of Burton Mound, an archaeologically rich site excavated in the s.
While the descendents of the inhabitants of Syuxtun have the closest ties to the excavation, the research, in Gamble's opinion, is ificant to all people in the area, as well as to anyone living in the state. Sonia Fernandez.
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